The best team building activity


In the heart of Africa, amidst the vibrant beats of the djembe drum, stories echo through time. The resonant sound of the drum isn't just a melody; it's a language that binds communities, symbolizing unity and cooperation. Just as each beat of the djembe contributes to an enchanting rhythm, so does the collective effort of a team resonate in achieving success.


Today, companies, venues, and groups seek innovative ways to foster teamwork, communication, and camaraderie among their members. Harnessing the power of African djembe drumming, organizations can discover a unique and effective method for enhancing team dynamics. Studies reveal compelling statistics about the impact of rhythm-based activities on team building:

  1. Improved Communication: Research by the American Psychological Association shows that rhythmic activities, like drumming, enhance communication skills by fostering active listening and mutual understanding among participants. (Source: APA, 2020)
  2. Enhanced Team Cohesion: A study published in the Journal of Applied Psychology demonstrates that engaging in collaborative drumming sessions significantly strengthens team cohesion and unity. (Source: JAP, 2019)


At Enigma Drum and Boot, we specialize in utilizing African djembe drumming as a catalyst for team development. Through interactive workshops and tailored programs, we assist companies, event organizers, and venues in achieving various goals, including conflict management, problem-solving, brainstorming, and bolstering cohesiveness within teams.


By immersing participants in the captivating world of drumming, Enigma Drum and Boot facilitates:

  • Team Rhythm: Just as every drumbeat intertwines to create a harmonious melody, our sessions emphasize the importance of each team member's contribution towards a collective goal.
  • Communication: Drumming necessitates active listening and synchronization, fostering open communication channels crucial for effective teamwork.
  • Conflict Resolution: Encouraging participants to collaborate in creating rhythms helps in resolving conflicts constructively, emphasizing the value of cooperation and compromise.
  • Brainstorming and Problem-Solving: The creative and improvisational aspects of drumming inspire out-of-the-box thinking, promoting innovative problem-solving strategies within teams.


Through the universal language of music, we pave the way for teams to transcend barriers, building a stronger sense of unity and shared purpose.


In conclusion, the transformative power of African djembe drumming in team building cannot be overstated. Are you ready to harness the rhythmic energy to propel your team towards success, harmony, and synergy?

The essence of




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The drum is one the oldest instruments known and was used by many cultures around the world.  African tribal societies used to and still today celebrate victory in battle as well as in ritual dance and worship to their deities and forefathers.

The original drum was an animal hide stretch over a hollow log which was held by wooden or metal pins or with twine or leather strands to these pins or to the skin at the other side of the drum. The drum was used for several functions within various societies.

The first drumming in drums history was a series clapping of hands and hitting the chest and knees with open hands. Various rhythms were adapted using this method but was limited because of the volume one could create and because to create higher volume was painful. So the drum was developed to overcome this problem.

The history of drums and drumming is really a checked one in that it's origins have come out of quite negative circumstances. There are several places where drumming was used. They are:

- Battle
- Celebration of Victory in Battle
- Pagan Worship
- Occult Practices
- General Celebration
- Entertainment

These are the predominant areas in the history of drums where drums were used in the past and are still used today. The part they play in history is not in the good of human life. The tendency is a steady journey towards debasement and depravity to a large extent. Kingdoms have fallen and nations have been ransacked from within by the use of these methods.


The drum


This experience has shaped her photography into what it is today...

The drum


There are many colourful legends and stories of how the djembe may have originated.


One of our favourite stories are that the basic shell evolved out of the large mortar used for pounding grain or millet. Apparently, the village idiot's wife pounded a hole clear through the bottom of it one day while he was conveniently hanging around with a goatskin. He looked at his wife's handwork and laid the goatskin over the head head of the mortar. He stretched it tightly so that he could place his calabash of beer on and with doing so he heard a sound sound coming from it. And the rest as they say is musical history.


Here's another one of our favourite stories, edited from recounts by Hugo Zemp in Serge Blanc's book and CD 'African Percussion':


'Long ago, before humans knew of the drum, it was owned by the chimpanzees, which played it in the trees. At that time there was a great trapper named So Dyeu. The chimpanzees would often come near his camp and so one day So Dyeu spotted them eating fruit and entertaining themselves with the drum.


He said, 'This thing they are beating is beautiful, I will set a trap', so he dug a whole and laid a snare.


The next day he heard a great commotion and the sounds of the young and old chimpanzees crying. He went to investigate and found the chimpanzee drummer caught in the trap. So Dyeu captured the drum and returned to the village, where he gave it to the village chief.


The chief said, 'We have heard the voice of this thing for a long time, but no one has seen it until now. You have brought it to us; you have done well.' , and in return, the chief gave his first daughter to be So Dyeu's first wife.


So the chimpanzees were left without the drum and that's why they can only beat their chests.'


Truly a wonderful story but lets get serious about the djembe and its origins. A djembe, also spelled djembé, jembe, jenbe, djimbe, jimbe, or dyinbe is a rope-tuned skin-covered goblet drum played with ones bare hands. According to the Bamana people in Mali, the name of the djembe comes from the saying "Anke djé, anke bé" which translates to "everyone gather together in peace". In the Bambara language, "djé" is the verb for "gather" and "bé" translates as "peace".


The djembe has a body carved of hard of softwood or even moulded from plastic and a drumhead made of untreated animal hide, goatskin is the most commonly used. Excluding rings, djembes have an exterior diameter of 30 to 38cm and a height of 58 to 63cm. The weight of a djembe ranges from 5kg to 13kg and depends on size and shell material. A medium-size djembe carved from one of the traditional woods including skin, rings, and rope weighs around 9kg.


The djembe can produce a wide variety of sounds, making it one of the most versatile drums. The drum is very loud, allowing it to be heard clearly as a solo instrument over a large percussion ensemble. The Malinké people say that a skilled drummer is one who "can make the djembe talk", meaning that the player can tell an emotional story. Just as a matter of interest - the djembe was never used by the Malinké people as a signalling drum to send messages.


Traditionally, the djembe is played only by men, as are the dunun, or pronounced "dum-dum", that always accompany the djembe. Even today, it is rare to see women play djembe or dunun in West Africa and African women express astonishment when they do see a female djembe player.




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The drum


Tips for taking caring of your djembe:


  • Don not sit, lean or rest objects on the face of the drum. That means feet, cigarettes, coffee cups or Aunt Bertha.
  • Don not heat the skin. Many players do this to 'warm up' the skin. Used traditionally to dry and tighten the skin but has become unnecessary with the use of rope instead of leather or wooden pegs. Rapid heating and cooling can tear of burst the skin.
  • Don not grease the skin. There's no need for dubbin, oil or any other leather treatment.
  • Buy a good bag Many drum skins break during transport, so make sure you get a good bag with good padding for the head area, even wood reinforced. If you cannot find one a tailor should be able to custom make one to your specifications using either padded cloth or canvas.
  • Lay the drum on its side when storing it. This reduces tension and the likelihood of the skin breaking while in storage.




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Our whole team is dedicated in creating an exceptional moment in time that you will remember for the rest of your life - a bond through rhythm.